Shin splints is a catch all phrase for leg pain or tibial pain. The actual cause may vary. Most professional runners do not experience shin splints. Those new to running and women tend to complain of shin pain more frequently.
Shin Splints are now thought to be a result of tibia stress, not as often a soft tissue injury. Recent bone density research has shown that pain in the medial compartment is more likely a stress fracture than a soft tissue injury. It is believed to be an overloading of the bone, resulting in a slight posterior bend. The tibia curves posterior like a bow for an arrow. This structure increase the strength of bone during impact.
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